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Because of World War II, football was suspended by the French government and the Ligue de Football Professionnel, although its member clubs continued playing in regional competitions.
During the "war championships", as they are called, professionalism was abolished by the Vichy regime and clubs were forced to participate in regional leagues, designated as Zone Sud and Zone Nord.
Following the conclusion of the war and the liberation of France , professional football returned to France. The first division increased its allotment of clubs to This number remained until the —66 season when the number was increased to In , the league changed its name from Division 1 to Ligue 1.
There are 20 clubs in Ligue 1. During the course of a season, usually from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games, though special circumstances may allow a club to host matches at other venues such as when Lille hosted Lyon at the Stade de France in and Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw.
No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference , and then goals scored.
At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner.
If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank.
Previously, the league utilized a different promotion and relegation format. The league has also experimented with a "bonus" rule. From to , a rule rewarded teams scoring three or more goals in a game with one extra point, regardless of outcome, with the objective of encouraging offensive play.
The experience was ultimately inconclusive. At the start of the —07 season , the league introduced an Attacking Play Table to encourage the scoring of more goals in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2.
The LFP, with the help of the former manager Michel Hidalgo introduced the idea to reward those teams who score the most goals. The table was similar to the previous idea, but was independent from the official league table and clubs were only rewarded with monetary bonuses.
The third-placed team enters in the third qualifying round. If both of the cup winners qualify for Europe through their league position, the fifth- and sixth-placed teams in Ligue 1 will qualify for the Europa League.
A total of 76 clubs have played in Ligue 1 from its foundation in the —33 season to the start of the —12 season. Paris Saint-Germain is the only club to have not suffered points relegation.
They earned promotion to the first division for the —75 season and has not faltered down since. Paris Saint-Germain was administratively relegated by the league following its split from Paris FC in , but returned to the top flight two seasons later.
The following 20 clubs compete in the —19 Ligue 1 season. The mission of the DNCG is to oversee all financial operations of the 44 member clubs of the LFP, develop the resources of professional clubs, apply sanctions to those clubs breaking the rules of operation, defend the morals and interests of French football in general.
The prominent reason for the rise was mainly associated with the television rights deal the league regularly signs. Excluding Paris Saint-Germain , many of the top division clubs are extremely healthy with clubs such as Auxerre , Bordeaux , Lille , and Lyon being referred to as "managed to perfection".
In terms of world football, clubs Lyon and Marseille are among the richest football clubs in the world and regularly feature in the Deloitte Football Money League ranking of football clubs by revenue generated from football operations.
This list contains the champions from the professional era —present. Bold indicates clubs currently playing in —19 Ligue 1. The latter channel is operated by Qatar-based broadcaster Al Jazeera.
In the United Kingdom, live matches usually the Friday match and the Sunday matches plus two matches on both Tuesday and Wednesday for midweek matchdays and highlights were shown on BT Sport between and In other European countries, the availability of Ligue 1 varies.
It broadcasts two matches per week and highlights. On 1 April , the Ligue de Football Professionnel announced that the league had reached a multimillion-euro broadcasting agreement with Italian channel Sportitalia.
The channel will broadcast Ligue 1 games for the next two seasons beginning with the —11 season. Sportitalia will show four live matches a week and will also air a weekly highlights show.
In Brazil, pay television channel Sportv airs matches from the league and ESPN Brasil airs one match per week, while in Mexico and the Caribbean , the league airs on Televisa Deportes Network , as well as TV5Monde with five matches being televised a week, three games live and two on delay.
On 8 April , a deal was reached a week later with Hong Kong telecommunications company PCCW who will broadcasts Ligue 1 matches in the region for the next two seasons.
The trophy has been awarded to the champion of France since the end of the —07 season , replacing the previous Ligue 1 trophy that had existed for only five years.
The first club to hoist the new trophy was Olympique Lyonnais who earned the honour after winning the —08 season. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Ligue 1 disambiguation. List of Ligue 1 clubs. List of French football champions. List of Ligue 1 records and statistics.
List of Ligue 1 top scorers. Association football portal France portal. Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 30 April The teams ranked third to tenth in both Regionalliga entered the new 3.
Liga, joining the four teams relegated from the 2. Bundesliga to form the new team league. Teams finishing 11th or lower in their Regionalliga remained where they were.
On 18 May , at the end of the —08 2. Bundesliga season , four clubs were relegated from the 2. Bundesliga and became charter members of the 3.
From the Regionalliga Nord: The winner and runner-up in a given season are automatically promoted to the 2. Teams placing in the bottom three are automatically sent to the Regionalliga.
Up to and including the —18 season the top goal scorers, attendance statistics and records for the league are:.
The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions: At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3.
Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the third-tier national association football league in Germany. For other uses, see 3.
For more details on this topic, see History of German football. FC Magdeburg 17, —18  2,, 6, 1. Promotion to the 2. Promotion to the 3.
Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original pdf on 2 November Retrieved 2 December Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 12 MayNavigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Diese Bescheide waren allerdings zunächst noch nicht rechtskräftig. VfR Aalen verpflichtet Wiesbadens Andrist. Eine englische Woche ist möglich. Anzumerken ist hier, dass auch die Samstagsspiele zu Recht später Stunde, zwischen Spieltag mit Marcel Bär. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Zeit also einen Blick über den Tellerrand zu werfen und die 3. Auf Antrag können sie ihren Profistatus sogar für länger als zwei Jahre behalten, wenn insbesondere die wirtschaftlichen Voraussetzungen dafür von der Ligue de Football Professionnel als gegeben angesehen werden. Liga Deutschlands mit den dritthöchsten Klassen in anderen Ländern zu vergleichen. Eine dritte Liga als echter Unterbau der professionellen Spielklassen wurde dann erst wieder geschaffen; sie bestand aus zuletzt sechs regionalen Gruppen mit je 16 Mannschaften.